Top 10 Types of Investment

Over the years, the Indian market for financial services has grown. In this process, financially savvy investors in India are offered an array of investments and long-term alternatives. We will look into the various kinds of assets available in India.

Types of Investments

1. Stocks Equity 

Markets and stocks are a way to increase wealth creation over a long time. It requires a lot of knowledge and diligence to know the various investment options and identify the best stock to put your money into. It is also essential to carefully plan your exit and entry, which requires continuous surveillance of your investments. Capital appreciation is a process that occurs over many years and is contingent on the volatility of markets.

The type of investors depending on the kind of investors in India, the stock market can yield good returns based on the risk appetite. The positive aspect is that over the long term, certain stocks have been found to provide higher returns adjusted for inflation than other assets.

2. Certificate of Deposit

In the plethora of investment types of investment available in India among the many investment types in India, the Certificate of Deposit is an instrument of the money market that is issued in exchange for money deposited by investors. The bank invests it in dematerialized form for a specific duration. Certificates of Deposit are issued by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and are regulated through the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

Investment tips for Certificates of Deposit

  • CDs can be issued to a single issuer, for a CD may be offered to one issuer for a minimum amount of Rs.1 Lakh, and its multiples.


  • The maturity term for the Certificate of Deposit offered by commercial banks could range from 7 days to one year. The maturity period for a deposit certificate issued by banks can vary from 1 year to 3 years.

3. Bonds

Bonds are a form of debt investment that has become popular in India. Bond investors loan cash to the issuer of the bond. In repayment, the bond issuer, i.e. the borrower, pays interest to the investor at a fixed coupon rate for the bond’s duration. When the bond is mature, the investor can receive the amount invested. Although most Bonds in India feature a fixed coupon rate, different kinds of bonds, such as floating rate bonds or zero-coupon bonds, have gained popularity over time.

Strategies for investing in bonds India:

  • The bond issuer is obliged to return the principal amount of the investor to the investor at the bond’s maturity.


  • Presently, bond investments in India are made by direct acquisition or via Debt Mutual Funds.

4. Real Estate

Investing in real estate involves buying commercial or residential properties that will let your capital increase in value or generate regular rent. You can enjoy an ongoing income from rent through these types of investments. Another alternative is to invest in real estate investments without buying the property. This is possible by purchasing the units in Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs). REITs in India generally invest in commercial property, and investors earn money based on rental income earned in these homes.

Investment in Real Estate Tips

  • If you’re looking to achieve a higher percentage of value appreciation, consider making minor improvements and upgrades to your investment property. This will be a huge help in increasing the value of your property.


  • Know the additional costs you might be responsible for purchasing real estate. This could include annual maintenance and upkeep expenditures, taxes, utility costs, etc.

5. Fixed Deposits (FD)

Fixed Deposits, provided by banks and non-banking financial organizations (NBFCs), are the best option to increase your cash reserves while ensuring the highest levels of security. Fixed Deposits are the most popular of the various types of investments available in India, as it permits you to make a single payment with your lender and select the right tenor for your requirements. When the pre-determined tenor period, your deposit will begin to earn interest at the rate you have locked in for the period of your deposit.

Investment tips for Fixed Deposits

  • Any premature withdrawals from your FDs can result in penalties. Therefore, selecting a suitable term for your deposit is recommended after thoroughly reviewing your future financial objectives.


  • Although FDs are typically believed to be safe investments, they do carry the risk of being a risk in some circumstances. If the bank fails financially, the insured sum of Rs.5 lakh per bank is for each depositor. By dividing your investment into several banks, you can effectively protect a large portion of your money.

6. Mutual Funds

Funds for mutualization (MFs) can be invested in instruments linked to the market, like bonds, stocks or a mixture of debt and equity instruments. The various types of investors available in India can select from cash, debt, and balanced funds based on your financial objectives and needs. Additionally, you can invest small amounts of money regularly with MFs through a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP).

Investment tips for Mutual Funds

  • Check your risk tolerance before deciding on the various kinds of investments. Consider investing in equity-based mutual funds if you are more prone to risk. For cautious investors, Debt schemes are the best choice. Some options can meet the different needs of people in India.


  • Be aware of the current taxation system before you invest. You can invest in tax-saving mutual funds, such as those offered by ELSS (Equity linked Savings Scheme), to increase your return.


  • Be aware of the charges you could incur when choosing various investments. This is often referred to in the industry as an expense ratio.

7. Public Provident Fund (PPF)

It is considered the most secure option among various types of investments. The fastest of all investment options in India, the Public Provident Fund (PPF) is an instrument that is supported by the state. Investing in PPF through opening an account at any post office or bank is possible. When you open the report, the minimum investment amount can be as small as Rs.100 in some banks (this can differ for each bank). The daily limits of PPF deposits vary from a minimum of Rs.500 to a maximum amount of Rs.1.5 lakh. These investments come with an initial lock-in period of 15 years. They can claim tax deductions per Section 80C under the Income Tax Act 1961.

Strategies for Investing in PPF

  • PPF interest is calculated based on the PPF balance between the fifth day of the month and the month closing. It is essential to take the habit of attempting to make your investment before the 5th day of every month.


  • Depositing a PPF with a bank which allows online transfers is an absolute requirement. This provides ease of use and efficiency for investors and facilitates regular contributions.

8. National Pension System (NPS)

National Pension System (NPS) is a different investment plan supported by the Indian government. India. It falls under the types of investments in India that focus on saving for the long term, making it the perfect addition to your retirement investment plan. NPS investments can be spread over four major asset classes: Equities, Government Bonds, Corporate Bonds and alternative investment funds (AIFs). According to current regulations, NPS investments can be qualified for superannuation once the investor reaches 60 years old. But, NPS investors can continue their investments until 75 years old without having to pay age.

Financial Tips to NPS

  • Maximize your NPS investment by taking advantage of the tax benefits applicable to your investment.


  • NPS contributions are types of investments which are tax-deductible under sections 80CCD (1) and 80CCD (1B), as well as 80CCD (2)


  • You have the option of choosing between two types of investment options, i.e. active choice or auto-choice. In an investment that is auto-choice, the percentage of investments in various asset classes is determined. With Active Choice, however, you have the option to choose the asset allocation following your preferences. If you’re financially savvy you could opt for the types of active choice investments. If you don’t have the necessary financial knowledge, then auto-choice could be the best option.

9. Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP)

Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) are one of the types that invest in India, which come with tax benefits too. It is a tool that gives you the benefits of investing and insurance. The cost you pay to stay invested is split into two parts. The first part is used to provide you with a life insurance policy, and the other part is placed in market-linked instruments or funds. ULIs also allow deductions under the Income Tax Act 1961 following the current tax laws as the cost of the premium is tax-deductible, and longevity benefits and capital gains over the long term are tax-free.

investment tips for ULIPs

  • Be aware of the costs you might incur when investing in these kinds of investments. This could comprise premium allocation charges, administration charges and fund management fees, and mortality charges. Invest in a ULIP through an insurer that charges a certain amount of leads.


  • Select a ULIP which offers the maximum degree of flexibility. Choose one that allows flexibility regarding premiums as well as customizable plans with a variety of fund options. To meet the requirements of various kinds of investors in India, ULIPs will enable the flexibility to effortlessly redirect your premiums and switch funds based on changes in the market and your risks.


  • ULIPs are types of investment that allow you to select an asset allocation plan according to the risk tolerance and the end goal. The policyholder has the option of an amount fixed that is maintained in debt and equity throughout the policy.

10. Senior Citizens” Savings Scheme

The Senior Citizens Savings Scheme (SCSS) is one of the kinds of investments supported by the Government of India. Indian citizens over 60 years of age can sign up for SCSS accounts. SCSS account and make investments in the scheme for five years. After that, the investment could be extended by an additional three years if required. You can make deposits amounts up to Rs.15 lakh into the account of your SCSS balance in the multiples that are Rs.1,000 only. Deposits of up to Rs.1 lakh are possible in cash. However, deposits exceeding Rs.1 lakh must be made through the demand draft or cheque. The investments made in SCSS can also be deducted under section 80C, subject to a maximum amount of Rs.1.5 lakh.

Financial Tips to SCSS

  • Investors can withdraw, and they need to remember that penalties that range between 1-1.5 per cent of the deposit amount will be assessed.


  • Although the SCSS has a very high-interest rate compared to other fixed-income instruments, the interest rate could fluctuate based on a quarterly review. Investors need to be aware of the rate of interest.

Things to keep in Your Mind When Investing

If you’re new to investing money, It can be not easy to pick from the many types of investments available in India. In this case, an expert financial guide could be precisely what you need to identify appropriate investment options.

Below are some financial suggestions which will be useful

  • There are a variety of investors that are available in India. Therefore it is essential to determine your level of risk tolerance. The type of investment you pick will depend on your risk-taking capacity.

  • Use an investment calculator to estimate how the products you plan to put your money into will earn returns once their term expires. There are a variety of investment calculators for online use for free.

  • Set out your short-term and long-term financial objectives, and select the kinds of investments compatible with your goals.

  • Diversify your portfolio of assets by ensuring it contains an even mix of high-risk and low-risk investments

  • Be sure to have a retirement plan in place, as it is crucial to saving money for your old age

  • Check the various assets you have in your portfolio regularly to determine whether they remain in line with your goals.

Find the appropriate types of Investments that will help you achieve your goals.

This comprehensive guide will assist you with various investment types in India. You can begin to map your financial strategy. If you invest your money wisely with different investment options and styles, you can be sure that your hard-earned funds are placed in instruments that can allow you to meet your financial short-term and long-term objectives.

Financial planning, also known as investment planning, is also a fantastic method to plan your retirement so that you can get off the hustle and bustle and set aside time to pursue what you’ve always wanted to accomplish in your retirement years, whether that’s something as easy as learning an entirely new skill, or something like travelling across the globe.

You can achieve your retirement and investment objectives through Max Life by investing in plans like The Max Life Forever Young Pension Plan, Saral Pension Plan, Guaranteed Lifetime Income Plan and many more. You can also choose for the security of your finances and wealth creation through The Smart Wealth Plan to meet your financial needs.

Speak with your financial advisor before making any investments.

  • Overview: Best investment for December 2022

    • High-yielding savings accounts. …
    • Short-term deposit certificates. …
    • Government bond funds with a short-term maturity. …
    • Bonds of Series I. …
    • Corporate bond funds with short-term maturity. …
    • Index funds of the S&P 500. …
    • Dividend-stock funds. …
    • Value stock funds.
  • Beginning to Invest.
  • Know What’s Working in the market.
  • Be aware of your Investment Strategy.
  • Be mindful of your enemies and friends.
  • Find the right investment Path.
  • Stay in it for the long term.
  • Be willing to learn.

In particular, the 8 Pillars; will teach you how to:

  • Establish a Financial Peace Account.
  • Organise and automate your financial affairs.
  • Get rid of debt and improve your credit scores.
  • Design a sound policy for estate and insurance.
  • You should invest based on the values you hold.
  • The home is the central point for your finances.

Top investment options for 2022

  • High Yield Savings Accounts.
  • Short-Term Certificates of Deposit.
  • Fonds for Short-Term Federal Government Bonds.
  • The S&P 500 Index Fund.
  • Dividend Stock Funds.
  • Real Estate & REITS.
  • Cryptocurrency.

9 kinds of risk in investment

  • Risk of market. The possibility of investments losing value due to economic changes or other general events that impact the market. …
  • Liquidity risk. …
  • Concentration risk. …
  • Credit risk. …
  • Risks associated with investing. …
  • Inflation risk. …
  • Horizon risk. …
  • Risk of long-term illness.

Leave a Comment